Alaska State Over-The-Counter Land Sales
Over-the-Counter (OTC) land purchases are open to both Alaska and Non-Alaska Residents.
The State of Alaska has 57 parcels currently available for purchase over-the-counter (OTC). These parcels are intended for recreational or residential use and may be appropriate for commercial uses depending on zoning from the local governing authority. Parcels are sold at a set price on a first-come, first served basis. Parcels are currently available in several regions. Please choose a region to see the parcels available in that region. Many of these parcels are in remote areas; others are closer to communities, roads, and other amenities. The only parcels available for sale OTC at this time are those listed on this website, other parcels which were listed in past auction brochures have been sold or withdrawn from sale.
Thank you for your interest in buying land from the State of Alaska.View Available Land Parcels
Copper River Valley
Fairbanks, Elliott Highway
Northern Parks Highway
Susitna Valley Remote
Coffman Loop Phase I
Johnson Creek Remote
Lake Louise East RRCS
Moose Creek East RRCS
Moose Creek East RRCS
Mucha Lake II RRCS
Old Skid Road
How the State of Alaska Sells Land
The State of Alaska sells land to the public through several different programs: a Sealed-Bid Auction, Over-the-Counter (OTC), and Remote Recreational Cabin Sites (RRCS) staking. The following is a brief description of each of these types of sales to help you understand which is right for you.
For our land sale programs, DNR will finance the purchase through a land sale contract with a down payment of 5% of the purchase price. Please see the State Financing page for details of contract length and interest rates.
Sealed Bid Auction
The Sealed Bid Auction, detailed in the Auction brochure, consists of parcels which have already been surveyed and appraised. The auction will have a bidding period and a minimum bid based on the appraised value. There is a limit of 2 parcels per bidder in the annual auction. By law, you must be an Alaska resident to participate in an auction. Alaska residents: the auction is your exclusive opportunity to buy a piece of state land before it becomes available to everyone in the Over-the-Counter program.
Over-the-Counter (OTC) sales follow the Auction, and allow anyone, including Alaska residents, non-residents, and businesses to buy land offered over-the-counter on a first-come-first-served basis at a fixed price.
1st OTC Offering: Newly available OTC parcels will be made available in a 1st OTC Offering. The 1st OTC Offering period lasts two weeks. During this time, parcels are priced at 30% above their appraised fair market value.
2nd OTC Offering: At the end of the 1st OTC Offering period, remaining parcels will then be made available for 2nd OTC offering. The 2nd OTC offering begins on the day after the 1st OTC Offering closes and lasts two weeks. During this time, parcels are priced at 15% above their appraised fair market value.
OTC General Offering: At the end of the 2nd OTC offering period, remaining parcels will be made available over-the-counter generally. These parcels will remain available until they are sold at their appraised fair market value.
Remote Recreational Cabin Sites (RRCS)
The Remote Recreational Cabin Sites (RRCS) staking program offers Alaskans a chance to stake their own parcel in a remote area. Alaska residents can apply for one or more areas that are of interest to them, but may only win an authorization to stake in one area. DNR then holds a drawing for each area being offered and drawing winners will have the opportunity to stake their own parcel within the staking area. Stakers will receive detailed instructions shortly after the drawing with general information and specific restrictions on the area in which they are authorized to stake. Stakers must mark the corners of their parcel and brush the lot lines, to prepare the parcel for survey and appraisal. Participants then lease the parcel from the state while DNR surveys and appraises the parcel. After the parcel has been surveyed and appraised, the staker then has the opportunity to purchase the parcel at the appraised value. From time to time, parcels created through the RRCS program are returned to state ownership or are created administratively, then offered for auction.
History of State Land Sale Offerings
Here is a brief history of our programs and how they have evolved over time.
1959 Public outcry auctions: From Statehood through 1975 DNR leased or sold subdivided parcels of land mostly by public outcry auction.
1964 State auction sales of borough land. From 1964 to 1975 DNR also subdivided and sold parcels for new boroughs.
1966 Open-To-Entry (OTE) program: Between 1966 and 1974, the State's first stake-it-yourself program allowed individuals to stake, survey, and purchase their own parcel of State land in remote areas.
1966 Agricultural Sales: Agricultural land sales encouraged development of land suitable for agriculture.
1977 Homesite program: The State's first "prove-up" program allowed Alaskans to build a dwelling and occupy the land for a certain number of years to qualify for a reduced purchase price.
1978 Lottery Sales: Between 1978 and 1990, DNR subdivided and sold large tracts of State land by lottery. Alaska residency was required for most parcels, with sale at the appraised fair market value. Lotteries were held in the vicinity of the land being offered, and applicants had to attend in person.
1979 Remote parcel program replaced the open-to-entry (OTE) program. This program allowed for larger parcels than the OTE program and restricted eligibility to Alaska residents.
1984 Homestead program replaced the remote parcel program, with many similarities. There was a prove-up option, in addition to the ability to purchase the parcel outright.
1988 Land sales stalled until 1999 due to various issues, including Mental Health Trust Land litigation and a lack of funding.
DNR initiated the current land sales programs in the late 1990s.
1999 Sealed-bid auction sales: DNR began reoffering its inventory of unsold and foreclosed parcels.
2000 Over-the-Counter: Non-residents and businesses may join Alaskans in purchasing parcels not sold at the sealed-bid auction.
2001 Remote Recreational Cabin Sites (RRCS) revived the staking program without the prove-up requirement. DNR completes the survey and appraisal of the parcel during the lease period, after which the staker has the opportunity to purchase their parcel at fair market value.
2004 New Subdivisions were added to the auctions. DNR offers a combination of newly surveyed subdivisions, parcels being reoffered from previously-surveyed subdivisions and parcels created through the RRCS program.
Corporations, businesses, and non-Alaska residents ARE eligible to apply in the OTC Offerings, but ARE NOT eligible to bid for parcels of residential land in the Sealed-Bid Auction. Past participation in previous DNR land sales does not prohibit you as an individual or business from participating in these offerings. You may also participate in subsequent offerings under this program, if eligible at the time of bid or application.
Individuals purchasing in the OTC offerings must certify and prove that you are 18 years of age or older on the date of application (11 AAC 67.005 General Qualifications), and will be asked to submit a copy of a valid and current government issued ID clearly showing your full legal name and date of birth.
Businesses must certify and prove (11 AAC 67.005 General Qualifications) that they are authorized to conduct business under the laws of the State of Alaska and must submit:
• proof that the representative of the company is authorized to act on behalf of the company and
• proof of valid registration with the Alaska Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development.
In the Over-the-Counter (OTC) Offerings, you may submit applications for as many parcels as you like and you may purchase more than one parcel. A separate application must be submitted for each parcel you wish to purchase.
Please give careful consideration to your applications. Once you have submitted an application for the Over-the-Counter Offering, your 5% down payment and document handling fee are nonrefundable.
To purchase a parcel, go to http://dnr.alaska.gov/mlw/landsale/otc/. Use one of the many search options to find the parcel you wish to purchase. Maps, parcel information, and a link for purchasing the parcel are available on the individual parcel pages. The online purchase process will ask for a MasterCard, Visa, or Discover credit card to pay the deposit of 5% of the purchase price and the document handling fee. New for 2018, OTC sales will be online only at http://landsales.alaska.gov/ or in-person at DNR’s Public Information Centers in Anchorage and Fairbanks. Mailed applications to purchase land OTC will not be accepted after April 1, 2018.
The State of Alaska Department of Natural Resources (DNR) offers financing on land sales with a down payment of 5% of the purchase price. Parcels may also be purchased by paying the full price at the time of sale; there is no prepayment penalty.
DNR does not allow early entry for development activity until the sale contract is issued, per AS 38.05.065. If financing a land sale with DNR, the sale contract gives you the right to develop and use the parcel during the contract. In the event that a purchaser pays off the parcel at the time of purchase, development activity is not allowed until the patent has been issued.
Note: It may take several months or more for your contract or patent to be issued, and you should anticipate longer wait times after the annual Auction.
DNR offers financing through land sales contracts. A DNR land sale contract is a legally binding purchase agreement in which ownership is transferred after terms of the contract are satisfied. A DNR contract is different from a mortgage in that equity is not earned during the life of the contract. If you fail to make payments, or default on the contract in other ways, DNR retains all monies paid to that point, and retains ownership of the land. Your money will not be refunded if the contract is in default, has been relinquished, or is otherwise terminated. If you are purchasing more than one parcel, separate sale contracts will be issued for each parcel.
Land sale contracts can be issued for land purchases over $2,000. The interest rate is set by law at 3% plus the prime rate at the time the contract is written and is fixed for the life of the contract. The length of the contract depends on the amount being financed as follows:
1. $2,000.00 or less must be paid in full at time of purchase;
2. $2,000.01 to $9,999.99, contract length is 5 years;
3. $10,000.00 to $14,999.99, contract length is 10 years;
4. $15,000.00 to $19,999.99, contract length is 15 years; and
5. $20,000.00 or more, contract length is 20 years.
If the purchase price minus the minimum 5% down payment, per parcel, is $2,000 or less, the balance due must be paid in full and a land sale contract will not be issued (11 AAC 67.875. Installment Payments). The balance after down payment, plus a nonrefundable document handling fee of $100.00 (11 AAC 05.010. (a) (7) (F) Fees) will be due upon application for an Over-the-Counter (OTC) parcel or at a date specified in the Auction brochure for an apparent high bidder in the Sealed-Bid Auction. If an apparent winner or purchaser fails to comply with these requirements or it is the applicant's decision not to move forward, the applicant will forfeit all or part of the deposit and lose all opportunity, right, title, and interest in the land.
If you elect to enter into a purchase contract with DNR, in accordance with 11 AAC 67.008. Ineligibility Due to Default, you must also certify that you:
1. have not held a purchase contract or lease issued by DNR that has been administratively foreclosed or terminated for cause within the past 3 years (contact the Contract Initiation team at (907) 269-8594 or email@example.com if you have questions about eligibility);
2. are not currently in default for nonpayment on a purchase contract or lease issued by DNR; and
3. are not currently in default for nonpayment of municipal taxes or assessments on property currently under a purchase contract or lease issued by DNR.
Purchase contracts will not be issued by DNR unless all 3 qualifications listed above are met. If the successful bidder or applicant for a parcel does not qualify for a contract, a lump sum payment will be required. Failure to submit payment in full upon notification may result in deposit forfeiture and loss of purchase rights to the parcel.
After your contract has been drafted, it will be sent to you for signature. The cover letter will explain monthly payments and when your first payment is due. You are not required to make payments in the meantime. This correspondence will also include the methods by which you can remit your monthly payment. You can pay:
In person at one of our Public Information Centers in Anchorage, Fairbanks, or Juneau:
550 West 7th Ave., Suite 1360
Anchorage, AK 99501
3700 Airport Way
Fairbanks, AK 99709
Southeast Regional Office
P.O. Box 111020
Juneau, AK 99801
400 Willoughby Ave., 4th Floor
Juneau, AK 99801
By mailing a check to: State of Alaska, DNR
ATTN: Financial Services
550 W. 7th Avenue, Suite 1410
Anchorage, AK 99501
Online at https://dnr.alaska.gov/ccpayments/index.cfm.
DNR does not offer a service by which you can automatically make your monthly payment; however, your bank or credit union may offer a service by which you can automatically have a check mailed to DNR each month. Be sure your ADL (Alaska Division of Lands) number is referenced with each payment submission.
During a land sale contract with DNR, you may not sell the parcel or otherwise transfer the ownership of a parcel without DNR approval. Adding, removing, or changing the contract holders requires an assignment of contract and payment of a fee. The assignment of contract is then recorded as public record. Any change between the original intent to purchase; whether by bid, lease, purchase agreement, to the sale contract or patent requires an assignment. To request an assignment, please contactthe contracts team at at firstname.lastname@example.org or (907) 269-8594.
Once a DNR contract is paid in full and all conditions of the sale are satisfied, DNR will issue a state patent to transfer title to the land. After the patent has been issued and recorded, you own the land as detailed in the patent. The State of Alaska will retain ownership of the mineral estate of all land sold as required by the statehood act, the state constitution, and state law. Once patent is issued, any change in ownership of a parcel is a private transaction. If you need advice on deeds or other details of a sale after receiving patent, consult an attorney or title company.
Once the contract has been executed, you will owe a late fees for any payments which are made late. You will also owe a returned payment fee for any payment which is refused by the bank. The date payment is due is not delayed if the bank refuses payment. Other fees may apply as set by AS 38.05.065 and 11 AAC 05.010. For updated fee amounts, contact Land Sales at email@example.com or 907-269-8594.
In accordance with 11 AAC 67.005 (g) General Qualifications, an applicant or bidder is responsible for keeping DNR DMLW, Land Sales Section (LSS) informed of their current address throughout the bid/application, lease, contract, and patent processes.
A change of address must be signed by the applicant or purchaser and submitted in writing to LSS at 550 W. 7th Ave., Ste. 640, Anchorage, Alaska 99501, Fax (907) 269-8916. An application is subject to rejection if LSS is unable to contact the lessee, applicant, or bidder at the current address of record.
Please note that notifications sent to other Sections, Divisions, or Departments may not reach LSS and your records may not be updated. Failure to keep your address and contact information current with LSS could result in closure of your application, loss of all opportunity, right, title, and interest in the land, or termination of your contract.
Veteran's Land Discount
The State of Alaska offers Alaska resident Veterans a once in a lifetime discount on the purchase of state land in accordance with AS 38.05.940 Land Purchase Price Discount For Veterans. Please read the eligibility requirements below to confirm you qualify. The discount is 25% of the purchase price, although the discount does not apply to certain costs which DNR incurred to develop the parcel for sale. The web page for each Auction/OTC parcel provides an estimate of the purchase price with the discount for that parcel. Discount amounts for RRCS lease parcels are not available until the time of lease to sale conversion, once the survey and appraisal are complete and the reimbursable costs have been determined. The details of how the discount amounts are calculated are below.
To qualify for the Veterans' Land Discount, you must submit proof of eligibility. Eligibility proof should be submitted only AFTER it is requested from you by DNR; you will be given a deadline by which the information must be submitted. OTC purchasers must submit these items within 30 days of the date of their purchase application to receive the discount.
You must provide proof of the following items:
1. You are 18 years of age or older on the date of bid or application (11 AAC 67.055 General Qualifications);
2. You meet the Alaska residency requirements of this program as detailed at: http://dnr.alaska.gov/mlw/landsale/akresident.cfm; and
3. A Form DD 214 (Report of Separation from Active Duty) showing the qualifying length of active duty and character of the discharge. There are many versions of the Form DD 214, and some versions contain multiple pages. Please ensure that the pages you submit show both dates of service and character of discharge.
a. In accordance with AS 38.05.940 Land Purchase Price Discount for Veterans, you must prove you are a veteran that has:
i. Served on active duty in the Armed Forces of the United States (United States Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, or Coast Guard; State National Guard units; or Army, Navy, Marine, and Air Force Reserve) or the Alaska Territorial Guard for at least 90 days, unless tenure was shortened due to a service-connected disability or due to receiving an early separation after a tour of duty overseas; and
ii. Received an honorable discharge or general discharge under honorable conditions.
4. You will also need to complete the Veteran's Discount Application / Affidavit and sign in front of a notary.
Please note that if you are still on active duty and have not yet received a DD-214, you are not yet eligible for this discount.
For the sealed-bid auction, applicants who are above the age of 18 and fulfill the stated requirement for Alaska residency but are unable to provide a Form DD 214 or its equivalent will be required to proceed with purchase of the parcel at the full, non-discounted bid amount.
For RRCS lease to sale conversions and OTC purchases, applicants who are unable to comply with Veterans' Discount requirements will be required to proceed with purchase of the parcel at the full, non-discounted purchase price.
Veterans are encouraged to request their Form DD 214 and gather their other required documentation well in advance of the auction.
The Veterans' Land Discount is a once-in-a-lifetime benefit and a purchaser that received this benefit on a past land purchase from the State of Alaska is not eligible to receive the discount a second time, regardless of final conveyance on the original parcel.
If two or more individuals jointly submit a bid or application for a parcel for which they wish to apply a Veterans' Land Discount, both must be eligible bidders/applicants but only one need be an eligible veteran and apply for the discount. Upon approval, a single 25% discount will be given and only the eligible veteran bidder/applicant will have exhausted their "once in a lifetime" Veterans' Land Discount.
To calculate the veteran's discount amount, DNR first determines the costs which the state incurred to create the parcel. These costs are called reimbursable costs, because they are reimbursable to the state. Reimbursable costs include survey, platting, trail clearing, and road development costs. Reimbursable costs are listed for each parcel currently available in a table below. The table below contains the reimbursable costs per parcel; note that our paper brochures list some reimbursable costs on a per acre basis for all parcels in a subdivision or a per lot basis for certain parcels.
To calculate the total reimbursable costs for the parcel look up the parcel in the table below, see the parcel's web page, or find the reimbursable cost in the paper brochure. You will need to do the following calculation if you are using the reimbursable costs per acre from the paper brochure. In the table below this calculation has already been done for you.
Reimbursable Cost / Acre $1,000.00
Parcel Size in Acres x 2.00
Total Reimbursable Costs $2,000.00
The Veteran's Land Discount is 25% of the purchase price of state land, excluding certain costs which the state incurred to develop the parcel for sale. Auction parcel web pages have a calculator which estimates the discount amount and price with the discount for a particular bid amount on that parcel. OTC parcel web pages show the discount amount and price with the discount for that parcel. Discount amounts for RRCS lease parcels are not available until the time of lease to sale conversion, once the survey and appraisal are complete and the reimbursable costs have been determined.
Once the per parcel reimbursable costs are determined, DNR then subtracts that amount from the auction bid or sale price to find the amount eligible for the discount. The discount is 25% of the amount eligible for the discount. Once the discount is determined, it is subtracted from the auction bid or sale price to determine the discounted price. For example, continuing with our total reimbursable cost of $2,000.00 for a hypothetical parcel.
Auction Bid / Sale Price $15,000.00
Less Reimbursable Cost -$2,000.00
Amount Eligible for Discount $13,000.00
25% Veterans' Discount Rate x 0.25
Discount Amount $3,250.00
Auction Bid / Sale Price
Less Veterans' Land Discount -$3,250.00
Discounted Purchase Price $11,750.00
Please note, auction bidders planning to apply for the Veterans' Land Discount should NOT subtract the discount from their bid or bid deposit and should instead bid the full amount before the discount and submit the 5% down payment based on the full amount of their undiscounted bid. Discounting your bid amount in consideration of the anticipated Veterans' Land Discount may result in the loss of the opportunity to purchase a parcel if another bidder submits a qualifying bid higher than your discounted bid. Additionally, submitting a down payment that is less than 5% of the undiscounted bid amount may result in disqualification and loss of opportunity to purchase the parcel. If you are a successful auction bidder, and you are an eligible veteran who will be applying for the Veterans' Land Discount, the discount will be deducted from the purchase price after the auction.
Information on the location of legal access to a parcel or RRCS staking area may be obtained from the appropriate regional DNR Public Information Center. When possible, legal access to Remote Recreational Cabin Sites staking areas will be shown on individual staking maps. It is your responsibility to properly locate yourself when crossing both public and private land to ensure you are on a legal right-of-way or section-line easement and to avoid trespass. It is important to note that while access may be legally reserved, it may not yet be improved.
Important: Please be advised that legal access does not necessarily constitute practical, developable, or existing (constructed) access. The State of Alaska has no obligation to build roads or provide services to or within any staking area, subdivision, or parcel. Rights-of-way shown on the survey plats designate areas reserved for access but do not necessarily indicate the existence of a constructed road. As previously mentioned, although every parcel for sale has some legal, platted access, in many cases roads might not yet exist. For instance, access may be via section line easements (unless the section line easement has been vacated), platted rights-of-way, trail easements, navigable water bodies, or across unreserved State-owned land. Contact the DNR Public Information Centers for more information.
Physical access may be on rivers and lakes or across land by roads or trails by means of highway and off-road vehicles, snowmachines, airplanes, boats, all-terrain vehicles, dogsleds, or by foot. You should inquire at one of the DNR Public Information Centers or appropriate borough land office to see if there is an existing road on a reserved right-of-way.
Surveyed parcels and RRCS staking areas are subject to all platted and valid existing easements and reservations, such as rights-of-way, building setbacks, utility easements, pedestrian easements, roads, and trails.
For surveyed parcels, these easements and reservations may be shown graphically on the survey plat or may be listed in the ‘Notes’ section of the plat, which may be detailed on a page of the recorded documents separate from the map or plan. It is your responsibility to fully review the recorded survey or subdivision plat, any reservations represented in this brochure, and any other items found in the recorded land records for a complete picture of the restrictions and conditions that may affect each individual parcel. It is also your responsibility to personally and thoroughly inspect the parcel prior to submitting a bid or application to purchase. Subdivision survey plats may be viewed at the nearest DNR Public Information Center or online at: http://dnr.alaska.gov/landrecords/ For RRCS staking areas, it is your responsibility to review the staking map, instructions, and additional source documents thoroughly to determine what restrictions, if any, may affect your staking area. You must meet any borough or state standards and obtain any required permits before developing any easement.
All State-owned lands bordering section lines have a reserved public access easement usually 33 or 50 feet in width along each side of the section line, unless the easement has been vacated or officially removed. Contact the appropriate DNR Public Information Center before constructing access, especially within surveyed or unsurveyed section-line easements.
All public access easements, including those along public or navigable water bodies, are reserved for public use. You may not obstruct public access easements or make them unusable by the public. Contact the appropriate Public Information Center before constructing access, especially within surveyed or unsurveyed section line easements.
Parcels and RRCS staking areas are accessed by a variety of means, as specified for each subdivision or staking area. In many remote subdivisions, little or no rights-of-way are developed.
Brushed rights-of-way have been cleared of vegetation, but may contain tree stumps. Brushed rights-of-way may not be brushed for the full width of the right-of-way; check the survey plat and look for monuments to determine the width of the rights-of-way and the locations of parcel boundaries. Depending on the soil conditions in the area, brushed rights-of-way may be accessible with a 4-wheel drive vehicle or ATV.
Winter-only trails are accessible via snowmachine when the ground is sufficiently frozen and a sufficient snowpack exists. Winter-only trails cross bodies of water or wetlands that make the trail unusable during summer months. Year-round trails may be accessible by ATV in the summer and snowmachine in the winter.
Pioneer roads are narrow, gravel roads that usually require a 4-wheel drive vehicle and typically do not receive maintenance. Roads or trails indicated as year-round may receive maintenance from the state or a local government. Weather conditions may still make year-round roads impassable during certain times of the year.
Information on the conditions of state-maintained highways is available from the State of Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities at 511.alaska.gov/.
There are certain generally allowed uses on State-owned land managed by the Division of Mining, Land, and Water that do not require a permit from DNR (11 AAC 96.020 Generally Allowed Uses and 11 AAC 96.025 Conditions for Generally Allowed Uses). The fact sheet on Generally Allowed Uses is available online at:
The fact sheet includes a list of areas where generally allowed uses do not apply and other restrictions.
Travel across unreserved State-owned land may be made without a permit by the following methods:
• Hiking, backpacking, skiing, climbing, and other foot travel; bicycling; or traveling by horse or dogsled or with pack animals.
• Using a highway vehicle with a curb weight of up to 10,000 pounds, including a four-wheel-drive vehicle or a pickup truck, or using a recreational-type off-road or all-terrain vehicle with a curb weight of up to 1,500 pounds, such as a snowmachine (or other tracked vehicle), motorcycle or ATV, on or off an established road easement, if use of the road easement does not cause or contribute to water-quality degradation, alteration of drainage systems, significant rutting, ground disturbance, or thermal erosion. Use of larger off-road vehicles over 1,500 pounds curb weight and off-road travel of construction and mining equipment requires a permit from DNR. An authorization is required from the State of Alaska, Department of Fish and Game, Division of Habitat for any motorized travel in fish-bearing streams. Contact and program information can be found online at: http://habitat.adfg.alaska.gov
• Landing an aircraft (such as a single-engine airplane or helicopter), or using watercraft (such as a boat, jet-ski, raft, or canoe), without damaging the land, including shoreland, tideland, and submerged land.
Access improvements on unreserved State-owned land may be allowed without a permit under the following conditions:
• Brushing or cutting a trail less than five feet wide using only hand-held tools such as a chainsaw (making a trail does not create a property right or interest in the trail).
• Anchoring a mooring buoy in a lake, river, or marine waters, or placing a float, dock, boat haul out, floating breakwater, or boathouse in a lake, river, or in marine waters, for the personal, noncommercial use of the upland owner, if the use does not interfere with public access or another public use, and if the improvement is placed within the projected sidelines of the contiguous upland owner’s parcel or otherwise has the consent of the affected upland owner.
Vehicles are required to use existing trails where possible. Where no trails exist, vehicles are required to use the legal access to minimize the number of trails across public lands.
Moving heavy equipment, such as a bulldozer, is not authorized on State-owned land without a permit. A permit can be obtained from the appropriate DNR regional office.
Public access and utility easements, water body easements, and public or navigable waterways may not be obstructed or made unusable by the public.
Establishing new routes or making improvements to existing rights-of-way or easements may require an authorization depending on the type of activity and the site-specific conditions. You are advised to apply for an access easement to reserve legal access to your parcel on routes you may wish to improve. Contact the DNR Public Information Centers for more information.
Revised Statute 2477 is a Federal law that granted states and territories unrestricted rights-of-way over Federal lands that had no existing reservations or private entries. Historic RS 2477 trails and/or roads may exist on State-owned land and the transfer of State-owned land into private ownership does not extinguish pre-existing rights. Some rights-of-way could potentially be improved for access across or to communities or valuable State-owned resources and land. Some may not be used at all, or may be developed only as foot trails. Others will be used as they have been in the past. If in doubt whether there is an RS 2477 right-of-way to or across a parcel, check the public land records. More information regarding RS 2477 rights-of-way is available at any of the DNR Public Information Centers and online at: http://dnr.alaska.gov/mlw/trails/rs2477/
The Alaska Railroad Corporation’s 200-foot right-of-way, bridges, and trestles may NOT be used as legal access. Use of the railroad right-of-way is considered trespass and will be prosecuted (AS 11.46.330 Criminal Trespass in the Second Degree). The Alaska Railroad Corporation may issue permits to cross the railroad. Contact the nearest railroad agent for more information at: http://alaskarailroad.com/
Driveways and/or approach roads from established roads maintained by the State of Alaska, Department of Transportation and Public Facilities (DOTPF) may need to be constructed in order to provide access to the subdivision or RRCS staking area and individual parcels, and a permit may be required. Prior to any driveway or approach road construction utilizing a State-managed right-of-way, you must consult the Right-of-Way Section of the appropriate regional office of DOTPF. Parking on the side or shoulder of roads can cause traffic safety problems and damage to the road shoulder and these activities may be restricted or disallowed.
Uses of unreserved State-owned land, other than those uses stated in 11 AAC 96.020 Generally Allowed Uses, may require a land use authorization from DNR. Certain activities, such as harvesting firewood or clearing viewsheds may require a permit in advance and there is no guarantee of approval. Lease or ownership of land does not imply exclusive use of surrounding state-owned lands.
The land sale programs described in offering materials are only one of the disposals or allowed uses that may occur in any given area. A variety of other authorized uses such as mining or timber sales, commercial or personal recreation, trapping, or resource harvest can and do occur on Municipal, State, Federal, and private lands near the offered areas. Such uses not only affect adjacent land, but also roads that are intended for access to those areas. Large truck and heavy equipment traffic may occur, and in some cases, noise, dust, or other activities may be perceived as a nuisance to neighboring users. Occasionally, small roads or trails are developed, improved, and maintained to accommodate increased traffic. It is strongly recommended that you take this into consideration when applying for the lease or purchase of land through these offerings.
The State of Alaska reserves the right to offer additional parcels of land adjacent to or near previously sold parcels, thereby potentially increasing the population density or frequency of use in an area. In RRCS staking areas, the department may also identify and survey additional parcels within the area, up to the total acreage authorized during the staking period, to be offered for sale at a later time. Public notices about potential State disposals are available at: http://dnr.alaska.gov/mlw/landsale/public_notice and http://notice.alaska.gov
In accordance with AS 38.05.125 Reservation of Mineral Rights to Alaska, the State of Alaska retains ownership of the mineral estate, including oil, gas, coal, ore, minerals, fissionable material, geothermal resources, and fossils that may be in or upon the land that it sells. The State of Alaska and its successors reserve the right to enter onto the land for the purposes of exploring, developing, and producing these reserved mineral resources. In Alaska, this access reservation is superior to any and all surface uses. The State of Alaska may also lease these interests to mineral developers or allow mining locations to be staked.
Mineral orders that close an area to mineral entry, where they have been established, close that area to new exploration and development of locatable minerals such as gold, copper, platinum, etc. Area plan subsurface management policy states that, in general, areas scheduled for disposal will be closed to new mineral entry prior to sale to minimize potential conflict between surface and subsurface users. Such mineral orders do not apply to non-locatable minerals, including oil and gas leasing, coal leasing, shallow gas leasing, or exploration licensing for such, nor do they preclude reasonable surface access to these resources. However, AS 38.05.130 Damages and Posting of Bond stipulates that the surface owner will be compensated for damages resulting from exploration and development. Information on current activity is included in the "Notes" section of the area-specific data summaries.
As discussed in the Mineral Estate section, the State of Alaska retains ownership of the mineral estate of the land which it sells. DNR's Division of Oil and Gas may issue oil and gas leases or exploration licenses which include the rights to explore for or develop the oil and/or gas on and around current and former sale parcels. Exploration Licenses encourage exploration for oil and gas on state land in areas which do not have a history of successful oil or gas production. Oil and Gas Leases give the right to produce oil and gas within the boundaries of the lease. Both leases and exploration licenses cover large areas and are unlikely to significantly impact a purchaser of the land estate. However, as stated in the Mineral Estate section, the State of Alaska and its successors reserve the right to enter onto the land for purposes of exploring, developing, and producing any mineral resources. This access reservation is superior to any and all surface uses.
You are responsible for personally and thoroughly inspecting the property and familiarizing yourself with the condition and quality of the land. Unless otherwise noted herein, there are no known environmental hazards present within the areas offered. However, DNR has not necessarily inspected all of the land being offered to determine if refuse or hazardous waste is present. The State of Alaska makes no representations or warranties, expressed nor implied, concerning the existence or absence of any hazardous substances, hazardous wastes, contaminants, or pollutants on the lands in this offering. The State of Alaska further assumes no liability for the removal of hazardous substances, hazardous wastes, contaminants, or pollutants, nor for the remediation of the site should such substances eventually be found. The purchaser of the parcel is responsible for the disposal of any existing refuse or wastes and its related costs, regardless of date of existence.
Before receiving patent to State-owned land, you may NOT sell or remove from the parcel any surface resource such as stone, gravel, sand, peat, topsoil, timber, or any other material valuable for commercial or off-site purposes. Such materials may be used only on the parcel for the duration of the lease or sale contract. Please contact the Land Sales and Contract Administration Section at (907) 269-8594 for additional information.
The DNR Division of Forestry issues personal use permits for the purchase of fuel wood obtained from state land outside your parcel boundaries. Personal use contracts are also issued for the purchase of house logs and saw logs. Contact the appropriate regional DNR Division of Forestry office well in advance of need.
Local governments may also have additional restrictions regarding on-site material use after receiving patent. For more information contact your local government and the DNR Public Information Center.
The Alaska Historic Preservation Act prohibits the appropriation, excavation, removal, injury, or destruction of any historic, prehistoric (paleontological), or archaeological site without a permit from the Commissioner of DNR (AS 41.35.200 Unlawful Acts). Should any sites be discovered, you must cease activities that may damage the site and immediately contact the Office of History and Archaeology (OHA) in the DNR Division of Parks and Outdoor Recreation. To contact OHA, call (907) 269-8721 or visit: http://dnr.alaska.gov/parks/oha/
Parcels may be subject to zoning, restrictions, easements, and setbacks imposed by the local government (borough or city). Parcels with no incorporated local government may become part of a municipality in the future should the local community decide to incorporate. Additional information may be available from the State of Alaska, Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs, at (907) 269-4501, or online at: https://www.commerce.alaska.gov/web/dcra/
Parcels may be subject to taxes and assessments levied by local taxing authorities. Parcels with no incorporated local government may become part of a municipality in the future should the local community decide to incorporate and could be subject to taxes at that time. Local taxing authorities are noted for each subdivision or RRCS staking area. Failure to make timely payment of all taxes and assessments due on parcels under lease or contract with the State of Alaska is a violation of the agreement and may result in termination.
Developing Your Land
Important: The State of Alaska does not allow early entry for development activity until the lease, sale contract, or patent is issued. Please contact the Land Sales Section at (907) 269-8594 for additional information.
It is your responsibility to properly locate all property boundary monuments on your parcel and to contain any improvements within the parcel (11 AAC 67.020 Proper Location). No improvements, other than authorized access, may be placed or constructed within any easements or rights-of-way of record. This includes, but is not limited to, section-line easements, public access easements, road rights-of-way, utility easements, and building setbacks. It is your responsibility to obtain all necessary authorizations from Federal, State, Borough, Municipal, City, or local agencies prior to placing or constructing any improvements. Caution should be exercised in constructing improvements on RRCS leased parcels prior to survey. Improperly located improvements may be grounds for termination of a lease or contract.
Some parcels and RRCS staking areas may have existing improvements, structures, and/or limited development on the land.
If any such improvements exist on parcels in the Auction or OTC offerings, the State of Alaska makes no representations or warranties, expressed nor implied, concerning the existence or condition of such items. Unless otherwise noted, the minimum bid price for these parcels includes the value of the improvements. You are responsible for personally and thoroughly inspecting the parcels prior to submitting a bid or application and buyers assume all responsibility for such items.
Within RRCS staking areas there may be abandoned or unauthorized improvements on state land shown as open for staking. Improvements may not be included within a staked parcel. If you know of or encounter an abandoned or dilapidated structure, contact the appropriate DNR Public Information Center.
You may not subdivide or re-plat the land prior to receiving patent. After title is conveyed, subdividing of any parcel must comply with State or local platting requirements and with the requirements of other agencies such as the State of Alaska, Department of Environmental Conservation; the United States Army Corps of Engineers; relevant boroughs and municipalities; relevant Homeowners' Associations; etc.
Some State-owned lands are in areas with limited or no fire protection. The State of Alaska assumes no duty to fight fires in these areas. Wildfires should be considered a serious potential hazard even in areas designated for fire protection. For full descriptions of current Interagency Fire Management Plans, descriptions of fire management options, and more information, visit DNR Division of Forestry's Fire Information webpage online at:
You should plan on implementing wildfire mitigation methods, including establishing a defensible space. Existing interagency programs, such as FIREWISE, can provide prospective landowners with valuable information regarding wildfire mitigation. To find out more, visit:
In specific areas of the state, burning permits are required for all burning other than fires contained within an approved device, and fires used for signaling, cooking, or warming. All other burning in the permit areas requires a permit during the fire season. There are potential liabilities if your fire escapes control (AS 41.15.060 Permits, AS 41.15.090 Building or Leaving Fires). For further information regarding wildfire mitigation and burning permits, contact DNR Division of Forestry. A list of their locations, addresses, and telephone numbers may be obtained from any of the DNR Public Information Centers and online at: http://forestry.alaska.gov/divdir.htm
Municipalities may provide fire protection services. Contact the local borough or municipality for information on fire protection services for specific areas. Volunteer fire departments may exist in areas within or without a borough or municipality. Local community organizations may have information on these resources.
No individual water supply system or sewage disposal system shall be permitted on any parcel unless such system is located, constructed, and equipped in accordance with the requirements of the State of Alaska, Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC). Approval to construct, install, or operate such systems must be obtained from DEC.
Many subdivisions included in Auction and Over-the-Counter offerings have some restrictions on the types of sewage disposal systems allowed. For more information on a particular subdivision or parcel, please refer to the survey plat and contact the appropriate DEC regional office. If any such systems exist on parcels in these offerings, the State of Alaska makes no representations or warranties, expressed nor implied, concerning the existence or condition of such items. It is your responsibility to personally and thoroughly inspect the parcels prior to submitting a bid or application and buyers assume all responsibility for such items.
Some State-owned land offerings contain waters of the United States, including wetlands. Section 10 of the Federal Rivers and Harbors Act requires a permit for any structures or work in navigable waters of the United States, which includes those waters subject to the ebb and flow of the tide, and/or presently used, have been used in the past, or may be used in the future, to transport interstate or foreign commerce. Section 404 of the Federal Clean Water Act requires a permit for the discharge of dredged or fill material into all waters of the United States, including wetlands.
Wetlands perform many important functions, including providing habitat for wildlife, preserving water quality, providing flood protection, and enhancing groundwater recharge. Before placing any dredged or fill material in wetlands and/or waters (for example, to build a road, or any other land clearing activities), and/or before working or placing any structures in such waters (for example, dredging or constructing a dock or pier), purchasers must obtain a permit from the United States Army Corps of Engineers.
Working or building structures in waters of the United States and/or discharging dredged or fill material into waters of the United States, including wetlands, without a valid permit may result in civil fines or criminal charges. A wetland determination or delineation may be required before any construction can occur. For a wetland determination or more information on permit requirements contact the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Alaska District at (800) 478-2712 or visit http://www.poa.usace.army.mil/
Depending on your usage, construction plans, or demand relative to supply of water in the area, you may be required to obtain a water right or permit. Certain activities involving the diversion of water, even temporary routing during trail or road construction, may require advance authorizations. Contact DNR DMLW's Water Resources Section for more information. Information and applications are also available at any of the DNR Public Information Centers and online at: http://dnr.alaska.gov/mlw/water/
Fish and Wildlife
The Fishway Act (AS 16.05.841), requires that an individual or governmental agency notify and obtain authorization from DFG, Division of Habitat, for activities within or across a stream used by fish if DFG determines that such uses or activities could represent an impediment to the efficient passage of fish.
The Anadromous Fish Act (AS 16.05.871) requires that an individual or governmental agency provide prior notification and obtain approval from DFG Division of Habitat “to construct a hydraulic project or use, divert, obstruct, pollute, or change the natural flow or bed” of an anadromous water body or “to use wheeled, tracked, or excavating equipment or log-dragging equipment in the bed” of an anadromous water body. All activities within or across an anadromous water body and all instream activities affecting a specified anadromous water body require approval from DFG, Division of Habitat. A list of common activities requiring permits is available at: http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/index.cfm?adfg=uselicense.main
Activities include, but are not limited to stream diversion; streambank or streambed disturbance (boat launches or dock construction for example); gravel removal; stream crossings; bridge or culvert construction and maintenance; streambank restoration/protection and erosion control; stream fluming; ice bridge/road construction; placer mining activities; recreational suction dredging; and use of explosives near stream corridors.
If you conduct any activity below the ordinary high water of an anadromous water body or impede the efficient passage of fish without notifying and receiving the prior written approval from DFG, you may be violating State law and this may lead to the charge of a misdemeanor. Contact DFG, Division of Habitat, for more information on obtaining permits.
There is always the possibility of encountering bears and other wildlife when in remote locations in Alaska.
DFG’s website (listed below) makes the following suggestions:
• Avoid surprising bears at close distance; look for signs of bears and make plenty of noise.
• Avoid crowding bears; respect their “personal space.”
• Avoid attracting bears through improper handling of food or garbage.
• Plan ahead, stay calm, identify yourself, and don’t run.
We remind you to be aware of your surroundings and diligent when in the Alaska wilderness. Bears and all wild animals deserve your attention and respect. For additional information on traveling and working near wildlife, please contact any of the DNR Public Information Centers or visit the following websites:
Provided by DFG:
Provided by DNR Division of Parks and Outdoor Recreation:
Development activities may potentially displace wildlife. You are encouraged to contact DFG for information on how to minimize conflicts with wildlife.
Inspection and recreation periods may overlap with certain hunting seasons. Check with the State of Alaska, Department of Fish and Game (DFG) to find out the hunting season dates for specific areas. More information is available at:
DFG regulations allow taking game in defense of life or property only when all other practical means to protect life and property have been exhausted and the necessity for taking the animal is not brought about by harassment or provocation of the animal, by unreasonable invasion of the animal’s habitat, or by the improper disposal of garbage or a similar attractive nuisance.
5 AAC 92.410 Taking Game in Defense of Life or Property
(a) Nothing in 5 AAC prohibits a person from taking game in defense of life or property if
(1) the necessity for the taking is not brought about by harassment or provocation of the animal, or by an unreasonable invasion of the animal’s habitat;
(2) the necessity for the taking is not brought about by the improper disposal of garbage or a similar attractive nuisance; and
(3) all other practicable means to protect life and property are exhausted before the game is taken.
(b) Game taken in defense of life or property is the property of the State. A person taking game under this subsection shall immediately
(1) salvage and surrender to DFG the
(A) hide and skull of a bear, completely removed from the carcass, and including all attached claws;
(B) hide and skull of fur animals or furbearers;
(C) meat and antlers or horns of ungulates;
(D) meat of all other game not specified in (A) - (C) of this paragraph;
(2) notify DFG of the taking; and
(3) submit to DFG a completed questionnaire concerning the circumstances of taking of the game within 15 days after taking the game.
(c) As used in this section, “property” means
(1) a dwelling, permanent or temporary;
(2) an aircraft, boat, automobile, or other conveyance;
(3) a domesticated animal;
(4) other property of substantial value necessary for the livelihood or survival of the owner.
Federal law prohibits any disturbance of bald eagles or their nests, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) enforces this law. The USFWS generally recommends no clearing of vegetation within 330 feet of any nest. Additionally, no construction or other potentially disturbing activity should occur within 660 feet of any nest between March 1 and June 1. Further, between June 1 and August 31, no construction activity should occur within 660 feet of active eagle nests until after juvenile birds have fledged. Nest trees should not be disturbed at all. Consult with USFWS on the siting of structures and roads or cutting mature trees within 330 feet of a nest tree.
The Federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act prohibits the disturbance or destruction of nest areas during nesting season. Nearly all bird species in Alaska are migratory and subject to protection under the Act. Compliance with the Act would preclude road construction activities during nesting season. Additional information is available from the USFWS at: http://www.fws.gov/pacific/migratorybirds/
Other Online Resources
These websites are listed as a reference to assist you when researching a parcel, a land region, or certain development restrictions or policies. They may also include links to appropriate regional offices and phone numbers. This is by no means a complete list of agencies that have authority over all aspects of land ownership and development, but it is a good place to start. Many of these websites are referenced throughout the Land Sales website and brochures.
Alaska Statutes and Regulations
State of Alaska Home Page
State of Alaska, Department of Natural Resources (DNR)
DNR Division of Parks, Office of History and Archaeology
DNR Division of Forestry
DNR Division of Mining, Land, & Water (DMLW)
DNR Land Records Information
DNR DMLW Fact Sheets
DNR DMLW Land Sales & Contract Administration Section
DNR DMLW Water Resources Section
State of Alaska, Department of Fish and Game (DFG)
DFG Division of Habitat
State of Alaska, Department of Environmental Conservation
State of Alaska, Department of Transportation & Public Facilities
State of Alaska, Department of Commerce, Community, & Economic Development
RS 2477 Rights-of-way
Alaska Railroad Corporation
U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Alaska
BLM AK Land Records and Surveys
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Alaska District, Regulatory Branch
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Alaska Mapped - Statewide Digital Mapping Initiative